Many great opportunities are available in the digital accessibility field.
Technical Writer for Web Developer Software at Deque Systems in Ann Arbor, MI.
UI Client Accessibility—Software Engineer at Workday in Pleasanton, CA.
Director of Accessibility at EVERFI in Washington, DC.
Digital Accessibility Specialist at Thomson Reuters in Eagan, MN.
Accessibility Director at AbilityNet in London, UK.
Accessibility Engineer at Adobe in San Francisco, CA.
iOS Accessibility Engineer at Facebook in Menlo Park, CA.
Web Accessibility Consultant at Level Access in San Francisco, CA
Director Accessibility Services at Utah Valley University in Orem, UT.
UI Client Accessibility – Software Engineer at Workday in Pleasanton, CA.
Digital Accessibility Specialist (contract) at Kaiser Permanente in Pleasanton, CA.
Screen Reader Accessibility Auditor at Accessible360 (remote, I believe).
Web Accessibility Tester at JP Morgan Chase in San Francisco, CA.
Digital Accessibility Engineer (contract) at Collabera in Boston, MA.
Accessibility Specialist wanted at Pearson in Boston or remote.
Follow me, @a11yJobs, and @LyndonDunbar on Twitter for more!
Most of use are aware of the
color contrast guideline in WCAG 2.0 AA which states:
1.4.3 Contrast (Minimum): The visual presentation of text and images of text has a contrast ratio of at least 4.5:1, except for the following: (Level AA)
This can be a big problem for websites when the color scheme uses the brand colors which do not meet the above requirement. This can be especially troublesome for medium orange and green tones.
A technique to meet this guideline is
Providing a control with a sufficient contrast ratio that allows users to switch to a presentation that uses sufficient contrast
You may want (or need) to consider this technique for your website, at least temporarily. The control for this option should be in a global nav bar or settings (if available). A longer term goal is to correct your brand’s colors so that it meets the 4.5:1 color contrast requirement.
Here are some examples of websites that have a high contrast option available (the control is in the top horizontal bar in all examples).
Example of providing an increased contrast setting on a website.
In December 2017,
results of Screen Reader User Survey #7 by WebAIM were released. The survey was conducted in October and had 1,792 valid responses. The survey had less respondents than the previous survey, but had better world-wide representation.
Primary screen reader usage: JAWS 46.6%; NVDA 31.9%; VoiceOver 11.7%.
CAPTCHA remains the most problematic item.
The second most problematic item is now “Screens or parts of screens that change unexpectedly”. This is surely due to complex designs and SPAs/JS frameworks.
Web accessibility basics (keyboard access, alt text, forms, headings, data tables) are still in top 10 of most problematic.
When asked if more accessible web sites or better assistive technology would have a bigger impact on accessibility, 85.3% responded more accessible web sites.
Sadly, frequent use of landmarks and regions dropped to 30.5%. WebAIM states that this may be “due to infrequent or improper usage of landmarks/regions in pages”.
33.3% reported using Braille output with a screen reader.
41.4% reported using an external keyboard with a mobile device and screen reader.
I highly recommend you also read
WebAIM’s summary of Screen Reader User Survey.
Here’s a great list of accessibility books. Feel free to submit any others in comments.
Accessibility For Everyone, by @LauraKalbag, A Book Apart 2017
Color Accessibility Workflows, by @HelloGeri, A Book Apart 2017
Inclusive Design Patterns—Coding Web Accessibility Into Web Design, by Heydon Pickering (@heydonworks), Smashing Magazine 2016
Apps for All: Coding Accessible Web Applications, by Heydon Pickering (@heydonworks), Smashing Magazine 2014
A Web for Everyone—Designing Accessible User Experiences, by Sarah Horton & Whitney Quesenbery, Rosenfeld Media, 2013
HTML5 Accessibility, by Joshue O Connor (@joshueoconnor), 2012 (older, but much of it still relevant; my review) For nostalgia’s sake:
Web Accessibility: Web Standards and Regulatory Compliance, multiple authors, Friends of Ed, 2006
The web/digital industry certainly moves fast, and arguably even more so in the accessibility field. Here are some good resources to help keep you updated.
Know any others? Please leave a comment.